|Fetal development at week 9||Feelings at week 9|
|Chorion on the 9th week||Intimate life|
|Physical activity||Analyzes and studies|
|Fetal ultrasound at week 9||Tips for expectant mothers|
|Meals for the expectant mother|
Fetal development in the 9th week of pregnancy
The 9th obstetric week of pregnancy is the 7th week of pregnancy from conception. A woman had ovulation more than seven weeks ago, and a last menstruation nine weeks ago. Almost two obstetric months ago, the sperm fertilized the egg, the test showed two bars, and the blastocyst was fixed in the endometrium of the uterus. A new life was conceived inside the woman.
The 9th week of pregnancy is the time when the obstetrician specialists call the embryo the fetus. It already turns into a tiny baby inside of you.
If you now measure the fetus from the coccyx to the crown, the length of the body will be approximately two to three centimeters. The weight of the baby on the term of 9 weeks of pregnancy is five grams.
The fetus in the 9th week of pregnancy is actively developing; the systems, organs and tissues in its body are being formed and improved:
- the lymphatic system is actively developing;
- the pituitary gland is formed, which later will produce hormones;
- the cerebellum is formed, which will be responsible for the coordination of movements;
- liver and kidneys appear;
- upper and lower limbs are elongating and developing;
- facial features are laid.
On the 9th week of pregnancy, it is impossible to know the sex of the baby. However, future mothers who are expecting girls should know that the genitals of the hypothetical heiress are now being formed, and the first eggs are already appearing in the ovaries. And future fathers, who are expecting boys, can be sure that under the heart of the spouse the body of the unborn child produces germ cells, which in the future are transformed into spermatozoa.
At the ninth obstetric week of pregnancy, a “bridge” between the placenta of the pregnant woman and the body of the fetus, that is, the umbilical cord is forming and developing. This organ consists of three vessels: one large and two small. The first delivers oxygen to the fetus. The other two are used to remove metabolic products and blood, freed from oxygen from the body of the baby.
Feelings in the ninth week of pregnancy
The ninth obstetric week of pregnancy, in particular, and the first trimester of the “delicate condition”, in general, is a very responsible time for the future mother, while the new life in her is fragile and vulnerable. Therefore, a pregnant woman should be very attentive to all her feelings and pain symptoms to consult with a gynecologist or seek emergency medical care timely.
During the normal course of pregnancy, the woman’s weight should gradually grow, but with intensive early toxicosis, there can be weight loss.
We recall that early toxemia or toxicosis refers to the condition of the future mother in the early stages, when she experiences nausea and sometimes vomiting (usually early in the morning before breakfast), intolerance to certain tastes or smells. This phenomenon is associated with hormonal changes in the body. Toxicosis is usually accompanied by lethargy, increased fatigue, weakness, drowsiness.
In women who don’t have toxicosis, body weight increases from week to week, although the stomach has not changed in size. The gain of body weight of the future mother is associated with the accumulation of fat tissue and increased blood volume. This is how nature prepares you for breastfeeding.
At the 9th week of pregnancy, the hair and skin of a pregnant woman can become dry.
Now the expectant mother may have anemia, that is, a lack of iron in the blood. You can make up for a deficiency of this element by taking the vitamins for pregnant women or eating more products containing iron.
It is impossible to feel the movement of the fetus at this time; you should wait for these exciting sensations two more obstetric months.
Changes in the female body
On the ninth obstetric week of pregnancy, women are usually concerned about the following symptoms:
- frequent urination;
- mood swings;
- morning nausea;
- fatigue and headaches;
- nasal stuffiness;
- pain in the chest;
- cramps in the lower abdomen.
It doesn’t mean that the future mother will experience all of the above. Each pregnancy is individual.
Frequent desire to urinate is explained by the fact that the uterus (which has now grown to the size of an orange) puts pressure on the bladder. Mood swings are caused by a change in hormonal levels in the body of a pregnant woman. Nausea and extreme selectivity in food is not found in all expectant mothers, but only in 65% of pregnant women. Increased fatigue and headaches are due to an increased volume of blood in the body, increased blood pressure is possible. Changes in the mammary glands are a consequence of preparing for lactation. Pregnant rhinitis is caused by vessel constriction. Cramps in the lower abdomen (which sometimes irradiate to the lower back) are a consequence of the increase in uterus size. The stomach at the week 9 is still of the normal size and others may have no idea that you are pregnant. It’s now unlikely for the legs to swell (it should be expected in the second half of pregnancy).
Normally, when bearing the baby, the expectant mother should have non-abundant, colorless vaginal discharge with no specific smell.
Cottage cheese-like white discharge may indicate the development of an infectious disease called thrush in the body of a pregnant woman.
Scarlet, red and brownish red vaginal discharge at the ninth obstetric week of pregnancy indicates pathology (either ectopic pregnancy or the threat of miscarriage – spontaneous abortion). If an increase in body temperature above 37.5 degrees is added to these symptoms, you should immediately seek medical attention.
You will have the next menstruation only after childbirth.
Pain and bleeding
At the week 9 with a healthy pregnancy course, a painful sensation in the abdomen is normal. For example, after loading a certain muscle group (lifting an object of an average weight, walking fast, climbing stairs), it is possible that the stomach becomes hard. This is due to the tone of the uterus. However, if there is no more tension in the muscles, but the pain in the abdomen increases and becomes more acute, this is a very alarming symptom, which requires immediate consultation with a gynecologist.
Especially, if these painful sensations are accompanied by discharge of the following shades:
- brownish red;
- scarlet or light red.
Please don’t hesitate to visit to the doctor in such situation!
Cold and fever
Now, on the ninth obstetric week of pregnancy, the immunity of a pregnant woman may be weakened. Therefore, at this time, as in all subsequent ones, the expectant mother needs to take special safety measures in order not to catch a cold or a viral disease.
What you should do for prevention:
- air the room daily;
- do wet cleaning regularly;
- wash your hands after returning home and before eating;
- get vaccinated against influenza in a medical facility in a timely manner;
- during the epidemic season, don’t go to crowded places;
- don’t contact with persons with influenza;
- take more vitamins and healthy foods (for example, seasonal fruits).
And if you are sick, do not self-medicate ever. If your body temperature is elevated, antipyretic drugs can only be taken after consulting your gynecologist. Very many medications that now could have the desired effect are contraindicated in pregnancy.
Chorion in the 9th week of pregnancy
Chorion is a uterine cake or placenta in the language of obstetricians. Chorion is connected with the fetus by the umbilical cord, that is, it is also a connecting element between the body of the expectant mother and the intrauterine child, through which nutrients are supplied to the latter.
If the ultrasound shows that the chorion is closer than six centimeters to the mouth of the uterus, this location is called low insertion of placenta (placental previa).
What is the danger of this condition:
- risk of miscarriage;
- cesarean delivery;
- the threat of placental abruption and heavy bleeding.
From a medical point of view, intimacy at the 9th week of pregnancy for young spouses is not contraindicated in the healthy and normal course of bearing a child. However, if doctors tell the expectant mother about the threat of miscarriage, it is now better not to have sex. Remember that you shouldn’t completely exclude physical activities from your life. But they must be moderate. Physical activity, including sex, improves blood circulation in the body, oxygenates and improves your psycho-emotional state.
There is an opinion that pregnant women need complete rest without any physical exertion. This myth is strongly cultivated by older relatives (mothers, grandmothers, mothers-in-law, and so on). Expectant mother shouldn’t fall for incompetent recommendations. Now we will debunk this myth.
Gynecologists of all countries recommend maintaining moderate physical activity throughout pregnancy. Morning exercises, regular special sports activities, daily walks – all this will only benefit both the expectant mother and the unborn baby.
What sports do we call special?
Of course, you shouldn’t jump with a parachute, climb mountains, go down to the caves or go diving while carrying a child. There should be moderation in all things. Listen to yourself and don’t exhaust yourself. You will notice that regular light physical activity improves your mood and strengthens your health.
Required analyzes and studies
On the period of the 7th-11th week of pregnancy, the pregnant woman should be registered in the woman’s health clinic with a local obstetrician-gynecologist. At the first visit, the doctor will ask you about the symptoms, sensations, complaints, collect anamnesis, get you a card, confirm pregnancy, make an examination, take smears for flora and cytology.
At each visit to your gynecologist, including the first one, the doctor will measure your:
- arterial pressure;
- body temperature.
All these data will be entered into the exchange card.
The gynecologist at the first visit will refer you for tests:
- urine analysis and blood count;
- blood chemistry;
- bacterial urine culture;
- studies on HIV, syphilis, viral hepatitis, blood group, Rh factor;
- stool ova and parasite exam;
- blood test for hCG hormone.
You will be advised to see a therapist and the following narrow specialists:
- otolaryngologist (staphylococcus test);
- eye specialist;
Fetal ultrasound in the 9th week of pregnancy
Ultrasound examination of the fetus at the term of the ninth obstetric week of pregnancy (the first week of the third obstetric month) is carried out only with special indications. At this time, a gynecologist does not usually refer to this study. It is practically impossible to see the sex signs of the unborn baby in the photo of the 9th week of pregnancy. However, you can see if a pregnancy is single or multiple. This research method is now uninformative. Routine ultrasound in the woman’s health clinic is usually carried out at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy, at the 11th or 12th week.
Tips for expectant mothers
To ensure that the process of carrying the baby proceeds normally and safely, follow these recommendations:
1. Give up bad habits. Alcohol and nicotine can greatly harm a fragile and vulnerable baby.
2. Avoid stress, conflicts, negative emotions, phobias and fears. Loved ones will understand. You are on your way to happy motherhood. Only a positive attitude, only positive emotions. Tune yourself for the best, drive away unreasonable worries and fears. The future father will support you: he will listen to you, encourage you, give valuable advice, and surround you with attention and love.
3. Be out in the fresh air more. Walk at least sixty minutes every day. Try to make your route through quiet streets, with squares and parks, and not along noisy highways with lots of exhaust gases.
4. Do not forget about moderate physical activity and taking vitamin-mineral complexes.
Try not to go to baths and saunas. You don’t need overheating now. Don’t take hot baths.
Diet of the expectant mother
The diet of a pregnant woman is different from the menu of an ordinary person who indulges in fast food, carbonated drinks and so on.
Now, at the ninth obstetric week of pregnancy, the nervous system of your child is developing actively. The diet of the future mother must have enough folic acid, or vitamin B9. The daily need for this micronutrient ranges from 400 to 800 micrograms. If you are not able to receive a given amount of folic acid per day from food, an additional intake of multivitamins, which include this element, is recommended.
Eat more iron-rich foods to avoid anemia.
Remove fried, fatty, smoked and spicy foods from your menu. But you still need meat. Protein is very important for your body. Try to steam, boil or stew the meat.
Eat more fresh salads and cereals. Dairy products (yogurt, cottage cheese, sour cream, baked milk or baked yogurt) should always be included in your daily menu.
Give up sweet soda. In general, eat sugar and sweets in moderation.