The 2nd Week of Pregnancy

Feelings for 2 weeksOvulation calendar
FertilizationSign of pregnancy
The definition of the termIsolation during ovulation
What happens to the babyIntimate life
Possible problemFood
Recommendations
Feelings for 2 weeks

Feelings during the 2nd week of pregnancy

In order for conception to take place, a period of ovulation occurs during each menstrual cycle in the female body. It is usually the 10th-16th days of the cycle, but this is only an approximate period difficult to determine exactly. Due to this fact, doctors usually calculate the time of the fertilization from the beginning of the past menstruation. Thus, it turns out that in the second week of the supposed pregnancy, conception is still to take place, and the woman’s body is actively preparing for it. During this period, it is still impossible to feel any signs of pregnancy, such as nausea, nervousness, pain in the mammary glands. The question of calculating the ovulation calendar is often asked on the medical forums by those whose houses lack child’s laughter and enjoyable hassle.

In order for the wanted child to appear in the most favorable period for the family, the ovulation calendar must be calculated in advance. The ovulation and conception calendar must be compiled long before the intended pregnancy, in order to calculate the right moment with the greatest accuracy.

From the moment an egg passes through the fallopian tube, the most favorable period for conceiving a baby begins. Statistics show that every third baby was conceived in just this time frame. In most cases, ovulation is recorded in the range of 14th – 16th days of the menstrual cycle.

Ovulation and pregnancy calendar

To calculate the period of readiness of the female egg for fertilization, the principle of pregnancy diagnosis is used. On the test after contact with the urine, 2 traverse bars are visible, the second of which indicates the readiness of the body to conceive a new life. If in the course of several months it remains paler than the control one, you should consult a doctor to rule out any pathology, which may be:

1. Polycystic ovaries.

2. Infantilism.

3. Obesity.

4. Severe stress.

5. Inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Fertilization

After the end of the ovulatory cycle, the egg enters the fallopian tube, where it is fertilized. The sperm gets inside and triggers a mechanism for changing the structure of the egg and the conception of a new life. These changes prevent the penetration of other male germ cells. A fertilized egg enters the uterus and is attached to its wall.

Meanwhile, the woman’s body creates all the necessary conditions for the favorable development of pregnancy. The corpus luteum aka yellow body is formed in place of the dominant ovarian follicle and begins agressive production of progesterone. This hormone affects the growth of the endometrium of the uterus, providing a smooth process of implantation of the fertilized egg. In addition, it helps to maintain a slightly higher temperature of the woman’s body which is perfect for the fetus.

You should know that the sperm survival varies from 3 to 4 days, while the egg cell lives only for 24 hours.

Thus, the most favorable period for conception is the day of ovulation itself and a few days before.

First signs of pregnancy

The 2nd week of pregnancy is a quite early stage, so it makes no sense to talk about global changes in the body. However, women who closely monitor their well-being can experience some signs during the 2nd week of pregnancy:

  • Delay of menstruation. This is the first and most important signal, but only for women who have regular menstrual cycle. In case of the irregular cycle, such symptom may not be a clear sign of pregnancy.
  • Abdominal pain. It is caused by implantation of the embryo to the wall of the uterus and may be accompanied by scarce brown discharge.
  • Breast swelling and enlargement, distinct veins in this area.
  • Mood swings, irritability, and overreacting without any obvious reason.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Changed taste preferences.
  • Feeling generally unwell, weakness, nausea, slightly increased body temperature.

It is worth saying that almost all the symptoms of pregnancy at week 2 are caused by hormonal changes in the mother’s body.

In order to accurately determine whether the conception occurred, it is necessary to do a test, and then make an appointment with a gynecologist and register in the women’s health clinic.

Calculation of the exact term

In the 2nd week of pregnancy, knowing the exact term is important. Negative factors may threaten the health of both the expecting mother and the child during this period.

Information about the exact time of conception will allow the doctor to identify developmental abnormalities in time and prescribe the necessary treatment.

The most common methods for determining the exact date in the 2nd week of pregnancy:

  • Plotting of a basal body temperature graph.

This method is informative only if the observations were made by a woman for at least 3 months before pregnancy. Rectal measurement of the body temperature will show whether the changes occurred due to conception. The increased basal temperature and the absence of menstruation may indicate pregnancy.

  • Pregnancy test.

As you know, the second bar on the test that indicates pregnancy responds to elevated levels of the HCG hormone in the blood. If 2 weeks have passed since conception, this method will show with 100 percent accuracy whether the woman is pregnant or not.

  • Appointment in the women’s health clinic.

The future mothers rarely visit a gynecologist during the 2nd week of pregnancy. However, sometimes such need may arise with the appearance of alarming symptoms and sickliness. You should definitely see a doctor, because only an experienced female health specialist is able to determine whether there is a threat of miscarriage, and refer to ultrasound examination to determine the exact term of pregnancy.

Types of discharge during ovulation

Mucoid discharge

There is a special term to characterize discharge in the period of ovulation – “egg white”. That is how it looks: viscous, transparent, and abundant. Such discharge indicates a favorable day for conception. However, in the 2nd week of pregnancy, the discharge looks a little different. Normally, it should be not abundant, colorless and without a strong odor. If there is a cottage cheese-like consistency, this may be a sign of thrush in the pregnant woman. The best solution is to consult a doctor and start treatment, preferably at the same time as your sexual partner.

Bloody discharge

Scarce bloody discharge may be a sign of successful attachment of the fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus. Implantation bleeding is a normal physiological phenomenon that should not be of concern. Quite often it is mistaken for the beginning of the menstrual cycle. However, you should know that, comparing to menstruation, implantation discharge is scarce and spotty.

Bleeding

Bleeding during this period can be caused by various reasons. This may be a delayed menstruation or a symptom of a gynecological disorder. If there is a vaginal bleeding, sickliness and pain in the lower abdomen, you should urgently consult your doctor. Timely medical assistance may stop the inflammatory process and do not delay pregnancy planning.

Stomach ache

Minor dragging sensations in the uterus are normal for a pregnant woman. However, if abdominal pains in the 2nd week of pregnancy intensify, this may be an alarming sign of a threatened miscarriage. You should contact a gynecologist immediately, get the necessary medical recommendations and protect yourself from emotional upsets as much as possible.

What happens to the baby?

So, after the penetration of the sperm into the egg the rapid processes of embryo formation begin. The shell changes in structure, now other germ cells cannot attach to the fertilized egg as it becomes impenetrable. Inside, a new genetic material is being formed, which includes the skin color and facial features of the future baby. So the so-called genome is formed. Next it moves to the uterus, implants and goes through the embryonic period of development.

It must be said that in many respects it is the above process that affects how the embryo will grow.

If the embryo got the wrong set of chromosomes, then it will not be able to continue its development.

In this case, it does not attach to the uterine wall and leaves it with menstrual bleeding. If the genome is formed successfully, then it remains in the uterus. There it is waiting for a rebirth into the embryo, and then a 9-month intrauterine life and birth.

Fetal ultrasound in the 2nd week of pregnancy

In the early stages of pregnancy, doctors refer a woman to an ultrasound examination in two cases: to find out the readiness of the female pelvic organs for conception, or to confirm the pregnancy and clarify its term. The photo taken during the ultrasound scan does not yet show what the embryo looks like and what its vital signs are. But if you wait for the sixth week of pregnancy, the doctor can already hear the baby’s heartbeat.

Intimacy in the 2nd week of pregnancy

If the couple aims to conceive a child, then intimacy in the 2nd week of pregnancy must follow certain rules. They are explained by the timing of the release of the egg from the ovary that is ready for fertilization. During this period you should:

1. Exclude sex a few days before the expected ovulation, so that the quality and mobility of sperm cells remain at a high level.

2. Not go to the after sex immediately. It is better for a woman to lie down for about 20 minutes.

3. Not use contraceptives and not drink alcoholic beverages during this period.

And finally, the most important condition for the successful conception is to completely relax and not to worry. This recommendation is particularly relevant for couples who aim at a long-awaited pregnancy but do not get results for a long time. Doctors call such condition “psychological infertility”.

Internal fears and worries, obsession with pregnancy that does not occur affect the reproductive functions in the worst possible way.

Intimacy should never be accompanied by illness, stress and family conflicts.

Possible problems

The second week of pregnancy is a period in which a life that is just emerging can be seriously tested. There are a lot of negative factors, and if they are not eliminated in time, the probability of a spontaneous abortion is high. The main alarming symptoms:

  • cramps and aching sensations in the lower abdomen;
  • jump in body temperature, weakness and nausea;
  • abundant vaginal bleeding.

All of these symptoms may indicate a miscarriage.

Similar symptoms also accompany such unpleasant pathology as an extrauterine pregnancy.

In this case, the fertilization of the egg occurs in the fallopian tube, and it threatens the life of the woman herself. Due to the rapid growth of the embryo, the tube may burst: the fetus dies and the woman’s body undergoes surgery. Unfortunately, this kind of pregnancy leads to a restriction of reproductive capacity.

If problems arise, and it was not possible to avoid bad consequences, the advice of a specialist will be the best help. Gynecologist will help to identify the causes leading to this outcome. Often, a failed pregnancy is a consequence of a hormonal disorder in a woman. The doctor will help to draw up a treatment regimen.

Recommendations for the expecting mother

In order for the pregnancy to be smooth and eliminate any risks in the very first weeks after conception, the future mother should avoid stressful situations. This is a mandatory and the most important condition for successful future motherhood. In addition, the next recommendation should be followed:

  • eat healthy foods;
  • no alcohol and convenience foods;
  • take vitamin complexes for pregnant women;
  • give up smoking and not to be around smokers;
  • avoid public places in the period of epidemics of acute respiratory infections;
  • stick to the daily routine and sleeping schedule;
  • walk outdoor more and receive only positive emotions.

Diet for the expecting mother

Doctors and nutritionists confirm that mom’s diet guarantees the health of her unborn child. During pregnancy, the diet of women undergoes significant changes for obvious reasons. Adjustments are made by raging hormones, morning sickness and gynecologist’s recommendations. The basic rule is for the food to be healthy, fractional and timely. You should avoid fast food products, sweets, starchy food, too fatty and too salty dishes. Opt for soups, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and lean meat.

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