|Fetal development at week 11||Possible problems|
|Mom’s well-being||Physical activity|
|Intimate life||Analyzes and studies|
|Fetal ultrasound at week 11||Tips for the future mom|
|The diet for the future mother|
Fetal development in the 11th week of pregnancy
The fetus in the 11th week of pregnancy continues to develop relentlessly. It has been exactly 11 weeks since the last menstruation and since the new life began in the womb of mother. During this time, the embryo has come a long way and overcame many obstacles. The 11th week of pregnancy is characterized by a number of important changes that bring the baby closer to a full-fledged human shape, both in appearance and in the internal structure.
- The parts of a child’s body are still disproportionate in size: the head is the same size as the body, and the arms are longer than the legs. However, in week 11, a neck appears and the fetus begins to move its head.
- The membranes between the fingers disappear and tactile receptors appear on them. The child is trying to make grasping movements. Now it is no longer an embryo, but a fetus.
- The heart beats at a rate of 120 to 160 beats per minute. It is divided into four chambers and supplies blood to the internal organs.
- Subcutaneous fat has not yet formed, and blood vessels are visible through the thin skin. The immature teeth and nails appear, the baby’s sense of smell is developing.
- The brain is developing rapidly and begins to produce red blood cells. The brain is now responsible for coordinating the movements of the muscles. The result is an increased motor activity: the fetus is pushing off of the walls of the uterus, moving its limbs, and turning over. The movements are still slow and infrequent.
- Continuous development of the fetus, which began after the egg merged with the sperm and the embryo (blastocyst) emerged as a result of successful ovulation, goes on. All major internal organs are formed, and their maturation continues. The intestines begin to contract, the liver growing in its volume is engaged in the process of blood formation, the kidneys begin to produce urine, the pituitary gland produces hormones, and the gallbladder produces bile.
- A respiratory system is being formed: trachea and bronchi appear, and the pulmonary vascular bed develops.
- The genitals are formed during this period. Nothing changes on the outside, but the girls already have ovaries, and boys have testicles in the abdominal cavity.
- The irises of the eye are being laid. That is, the color of the child’s eyes is determined at this stage.
At week 11, a baby reaches a length of about 4 cm, and weighs 7 grams.
General condition of the future mother
Week 11 occupies a significant place in the pregnancy calendar, since it is the time when the woman’s health improves significantly. The most important and encouraging news for the expectant mothers is the relief of symptoms of early toxicosis: nausea becomes less often, appetite increases. Meanwhile, the weakness and drowsiness of the first weeks of pregnancy may persist, since the hormonal balance continues to change, and the rapid development of the fetus takes a lot of strength and internal resources from the mother.
At the same time, that nausea and vomiting are left behind; the emotions are stabilizing: bouts of irritability and the abrupt mood swings are going into the background.
It is no wonder that the cycle between the first and second trimester of pregnancy is considered one of the most favorable for women in terms of well-being. At this time, you can safely travel, exercise, go for long walks.
Preparation of the mammary glands to breastfeeding causes external and internal changes in the breast. It expands, and the areola and nipples darken under the action of hormones. The uterus increases several times from the moment of conception. The stomach at the 11th week of pregnancy doesn’t bulge significantly; however, the mother herself can feel its growth: the clothes become tight and she wants to wear something looser. Given that the uterus rises into the abdominal cavity, the pressure on the bladder is not as strong as before. Because of this, she needs to visit the ladies’ room less frequently.
A woman may occasionally experience discomfort associated with manifestations of pregnancy. If there are painful sensations of a different nature in a particular area, you should know which of them are normal and which are regarded as pathology.
- Abdominal and lower back pain is usually associated with uterine tone. In the 11th week of pregnancy, it is quite natural. A moderate stomachache should not cause concern, but if it intensifies or begins to occur too often, it’s better to consult a doctor. It may be a threat of miscarriage, which requires immediate medical attention.
- Pain and cramps in the legs. These are frequent companions of pregnancy, which in severe cases can disturb a woman throughout the entire period of bearing a child. One of the reasons is the lack of calcium in the body. Swelling of the legs can also cause discomfort.
- Pain in the anus is associated with the appearance of hemorrhoids. This disease is common in the pregnant women due to frequent constipation and decreased physical activity.
Cold and fever
It is quite difficult to avoid colds during pregnancy. Sooner or later, the future mother faces this trouble, and it’s important to know how to deal with it. The most important rule is not to take medicine without a doctor’s prescription. Only a doctor can assess your state of health and determine the balance between the benefits and harms of a particular drug.
- Traditionally, doctors recommend using traditional medicine for colds. Gargles and inhalations with infusions of herbs will not harm the health of the pregnant woman and the baby.
- During the illness, abundant drinking is recommended; as a healthy beverage, you can drink teas with honey, warm milk, berry fruit drinks.
- If the body temperature rises above 37.7 degrees Celsius, you should immediately call a doctor to rule out the possibility of miscarriage. Before the doctor arrives, you can take Paracetamol.
- If the thermometer shows 37-37.2 degrees Celsius, do not worry. Slightly elevated body temperature during pregnancy does not have any serious consequences.
Discharge at the 11th obstetric week
Despite the fact that the critical period of pregnancy, which falls on the first trimester is left behind, the expectant mother should be cautious and closely monitor the nature of her vaginal discharge. At this time, it should be homogeneous and light.
If you find any other discharge (brown, yellowish, red, green) you should visit a gynecologist.
Other alarm signs include itching in the perineal region, pain in the lower abdomen, a strong odor from the vagina. These symptoms may indicate a threatened abortion or infection.
Unfortunately, bleeding during pregnancy is a fairly common phenomenon that requires immediate medical intervention.
A gynecologist after examining the patient and additional examination by ultrasound can give a final conclusion about the cause of the vaginal bleeding.
The occurrence of bleeding in the 11th obstetric week of pregnancy may be caused by various factors:
- Pathology of the uterus. If a woman has myoma or fibromatous nodes present in the uterus, and the embryo is implanted in close proximity to them, then bleeding may start.
- Mechanical damage. The cervix is sensitive and vulnerable during this period, which means that any careless action (for example, during sexual intercourse) can lead to its damage.
- Lack of progesterone. It causes thinning of the endometrium and detachment of the embryo from the uterine wall.
- Missed miscarriage. If the fetus stopped developing, the woman’s body begins the process of rejection of the embryo that causes bleeding.
Multiple pregnancy proceeds in almost the same way as singleton pregnancy. But there are some differences. For example, the load that falls on the future mother is naturally much greater. To provide both fetuses with nutrients, vitamins and microelements, a woman needs a lot of effort. In addition, do not forget that with multiple pregnancy, childbirth rarely begins on time. As a rule, the doctors and the pregnant woman herself prepare for preterm delivery. By this time, the gynecologist must determine how it will happen: naturally or through a cesarean section.
At week 11, many future moms try to maintain a sedentary lifestyle, or even better, to stay in bed, believing this contributes to an easy course of pregnancy. And this is a big mistake. Regular exercise will benefit both the child and the pregnant woman. They improve mood, increase the overall tone of the body and help to cope with a number of problems: back pain, constipation and hemorrhoids, the appearance of stretch marks and swelling.
So, if there is no threat of pregnancy, doctors recommend that women engage in the following sports:
- Water aerobics and swimming. These are the most benign types of training for the expecting mothers, because the water mitigates the load on the muscles during exercise.
- Walking and running. It is recommended to engage in these sports in the fresh air. Try not to overdo it and focus on how you are feeling.
- Aerobics and fitness in the gym. Such exercises strengthen the cardiovascular system and keep the body in shape. All this is useful for the mother, who is preparing for giving birth.
- Yoga. It helps to relax, be positive, and master breathing techniques.
Intimacy is possible at any stage of pregnancy, and the 11th week is no exception. It’s important to take into account the general state of health of the future mother. If there are ailments or the threat of miscarriage, confirmed by the gynecologist, the best thing to do is to wait and put off intimacy with a partner until full recovery. If the woman feels good, then there is no reason to interrupt an intimate relationship. Quite the contrary, it is proved that regular sex has a positive effect on the woman’s body.
Required tests and studies in the 11th week of pregnancy
At a period of 11th-13th week, the doctor prescribes a set of tests and studies necessary to assess the health of the pregnant woman and the fetus. This is the so-called triple test, which includes:
- test for the hCG hormone (the level of human chorionic gonadotropin indicates whether the pregnancy is normal and there is no threat);
- test for alpha-fetoprotein (helps to determine early on whether there are chromosomal abnormalities in the development of the fetus);
- test for the estriol hormone (allows to ensure a safe course of pregnancy in women who have had a miscarriage in the past).
It should be noted that these studies are called the first screening of the fetus and are prescribed for all women. The test results help to identify the risk of multiple diseases in a child, including Down syndrome and Edwards’ syndrome. If the tests show the probability of deviations, this doesn’t mean one hundred percent presence of one or another disease. To ensure the accuracy of the result, the doctor refers the pregnant woman to the invasive tests.
Fetal ultrasound in the 11th week of pregnancy
The first screening includes ultrasound of the fetus. The doctor assesses its condition by such parameters as the length of the nasal bones, the thickness of the collar space, the dilation of the kidney pelvis, the shortening of the limbs, the volume of amniotic fluid, etc.
It is also important for all parents – both expecting girls and boys – to find out the sex of the baby on the first ultrasound. Some experienced doctors can determine the sex of the child from the picture at the 11th week of pregnancy. But you need to understand that the probability of an error is great.
Tips for the future mother
During epidemics, try to avoid crowded places to prevent colds.
- Purchase a maternity bra at specialized stores. As a rule, it is made of cotton, doesn’t press the breast too hard, and is perfect for wearing during the entire period of bearing the child. It can’t hurt to purchase other clothes for pregnant women.
- Visit your dentist to make sure your teeth are fine. During this period, it is very important to pay attention to this issue, because the child needs calcium for development and takes it from the mother’s body. As a result, problems with teeth and gums arise.
- Do not limit yourself in walking and socializing with nice people. It will be useful to talk with friends who already have children; they will share their experiences with you.
- As you plunge into your thoughts about the course of pregnancy and the upcoming birth, do not forget about the father of the child. Try to discuss painful problems and solve them together.
Diet for the expectant mother
Proper nutrition is the key to well-being and health of the child. Therefore, the food consumed during pregnancy should bring not only pleasure, but also the benefit. You should completely exclude alcohol, semi-finished products, as well as fatty, fried, salty, spicy dishes from your menu. The food you consume must contain the following vitamins and trace elements, on the basis of which the internal organs of the fetus are laid:
- calcium (contains in milk and dairy products);
- magnesium (cereals, fruits and berries);
- phosphorus (fish, onions, carrots, red pepper);
- vitamin D (liver, fish, greens);
- iron (pork liver, lentils, spinach, sea fish, beans).
You need to eat fractionally, 4-5 times a day in small portions. To replenish a lack of nutrients in the body, the gynecologist prescribes special vitamins for pregnant women.